Describe 2 key abnormal sonographic findings
What is your differential diagnosis?
What is the diagnosis?
What common outflow tract anomaly is described in association with this abnormal finding?
Q1 What are the striking findings?
Q2 What 'Z score' measurements would you take?
Q3 Would you consider an advanced screening test (NIPT) or invasive genetic testing in this case ?
1) What are the key findings
2) Give your differential diagnosis
List the key abnormal findings
Give a differential diagnosis
This is a characteristic feature of which cardiac anomaly?
What steps would you take to confirm or refute this diagnosis ?
Clip 1 - 4 Chamber view demonstrates a hypoplastic LT heart
Clip 2 - A sweep from the 3Vst View caudally to the 4 chamber Clip view leads you to suspect a bilateral SVC
Clip 3 - Colour Doppler examination however shows flow in the "Left SVC" away from the heart.
What cardiac anomaly do you think co-exists with this HHLHS ?
Which diagnosis would you include in this setting:
1) Tricuspid atresia with VSD
2) Pulmonary atresia with VSD
3) Severe Pulmonary valve stenosis
4) TOF with pulmonary atresia
5) Ebsteins with pulmonary stenosis
A sweep from the 4- Chamber --> 3 Vessels tracheal view is demonstrated. No pulmonary artery is seen.
What differential diagnoses would you consider in these circumstances ?
a) Absent Pulmonary valve syndrome
b) Tetralogy of Fallot with Pulmonary atresia
c) Truncus Arteriosus
d) Pulmonary Stenosis
e) Pulmonary Atresia with VSD